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PA Breaches of the Oslo Accords

Cycle of Incitement: The Writing is on the Telegram Wall

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)
7.1.24

Examining the Role of Social Media in the Gaza war: Extremist Incitement, Operational Guidance, and Real-world Violence.

This report delves into the alarming rise of incitement on social media platforms, particularly Telegram, amidst the ongoing conflict in Gaza. The focus is on the West Bank, where extremists, some affiliated with Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), utilize these channels for widespread incitement against Israel. The correlation between these online incitements and the tangible increase in terrorist activities is evident. The report cites recent attacks in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, linking them to these online provocations. The cycle of incitement begins with individual calls for attacks, progresses to operational guidance, the execution of the attack, and culminates in the glorification of these acts online. The report scrutinizes the content on Telegram, noting its alignment with Palestinian nationalist narratives. Various forms of media, like posters, videos, and provocative language, are used to emotionally engage and mobilize individuals. The report also highlights how these channels provide detailed operational guidance for attacks, including shooting, knife attacks, and other tactics. Moreover, the report discusses the role of Hamas and PIJ in orchestrating this online incitement. It emphasizes the sophistication of these platforms in guiding terrorist activities and underscores the need for awareness and action against such online mobilization. The study concludes by reiterating the significant impact of these incitements, which have led to real-world violence and the ongoing threat they pose to the region’s stability.

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